The World Information Technology review has compiled a traditional annual rating of few breakthrough technologies. The main criterion for selecting the tens was the potential impact on human life, although some of the technologies have not yet been commercialized that are mentioned below:
3D-printing for metal
Although conventional 3D printing has existed for many decades, it is mainly used by amateurs and designers who manufacture single prototypes. And making objects from anything other than plastic remained a difficult, long and very expensive process. However, now the metal print is gaining momentum, and it becomes a cheap and relatively easy way of making parts. This technology in the short term is able, for example, to save producers from huge warehouses with spare parts for replacement: the required component can be manufactured at the request of the buyer. And in the future – and completely reverse the traditional production process, reduce the size of factories and improve the quality of products.
Thus, it will be possible to create lighter and more durable parts, as well as complex shapes that are impossible with conventional methods of metal production. It can also provide more accurate control of the microstructure of metals. Boston-based company Mark forged has already submitted the first printer for 3D metal printing $ 100 thousand. General Electric is currently testing a printer capable of manufacturing parts for aviation production – they will begin to be sold in 2018.
British scientists are now turning the notion of how life can be created. They could grow a mouse embryo only from stem cells – without the traditional fertilization of the egg. And although they noted that this embryo had no chance to grow into a real mouse, such experiments can have a great future. For example, we will learn how to grow mammals “autonomously”. In addition, in the future, scientists plan to create an artificial human embryo. This can be a great gift for scientists who will be able to further study the development of the embryo and fully experience the editing of the genome.
Numerous schemes and attempts to create “smart” cities, as a result, ended in the failure of terms, turned out to be too expensive or ineffective. The new project of the Alphabet Holding, Sidewalk Labs, changes the approach to understanding the problem. As part of a partnership with the Canadian government, he is working on improving the Toronto port waterfront area. The area is equipped with the latest technology. The essence is to make any decisions: on design, politics, ecology, and economy of the city to use the maximum amount of data collected by sensors: from the level of air pollution to noise or human activity. In addition, the plans use only stand-alone public cars, as well as open source software, on the basis of which third-party companies can build their own services – as it now works with applications.
Artificial Intelligence for All
Artificial intelligence has so far been primarily a toy of large technology companies such as Amazon, Baidu, Google, and Microsoft, as well as some start-ups. For many other companies and organizations, AI systems are too expensive and too complex for full implementation. This issue is planned to be solved thanks to cloud services. AWS from Amazon, Tensor Flow from Google, Azure from Microsoft – all of them make the process of implementing neural networks not more difficult than developing a program that will eventually allow AI to spread far beyond the usual technological industry.
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