The premise of the report is this: full participation in today’s societies and achievement of one’s desired potential are increasingly likely to depend on the ability to identify oneself; however, some 1.5 billion people are reckoned to lack “legal identification”, and action should be taken to remedy this.
The report acknowledges that private companies and other non-governmental organisations are stakeholders in such an identity infrastructure, and further notes that identity, in the desired sense, does not necessarily imply nationality or citizenship. Off-hand, two examples where “legal identification” systems already conform to this model are:
Estonia, where the government issues an “e-citizen” credential which, although legally recognised, does not imply citizenship, and is independent of nationality;
The Scandinavian Bank-ID system, in which credentials issued by banks (and therefore independent of nationality or citizenship) are legally recognised by public sector bodies.
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